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Galapagos General Information

GALÁPAGOS ISLANDS (Official name: Archipiélago de Colón) consist of 13 main islands, 6 smaller islands, and 107 rocks and islets. They were formed about 5 million years ago as a result of continuous volcanic eruptions and submarine activities. Consequently, it is possible at various places to see lava flows that have become frozen into forms so strange that make you think of the first day of creation. The fauna and flora have been isolated from the rest of the world, thus giving the species a chance to evolve into several different kinds of species (more than 800): Galapagos land iguanas, marine iguana, Galapagos mockingbirds, blue footed and masked boobies, red billed tropic birds, great frigatebirds, finches, waved albatross, sea lions, penguins, flightless cormorants, Galapagos hawks, green sea turtles, giant Galapagos tortoises which gave the islands their name), and others.
Varieties of Galapagos Plants: 228 are endemic; approximately 397 are indigenous, while 250 are introduced species.


Location: Around the Equator in the Pacific Ocean, 600 miles from mainland Ecuador.
Capital: Puerto Baquerizo Moreno on San Cristobal Island.
Principal City: Puerto Ayora on Santa Cruz Island.
Area: 3,042 sq. miles, spread over 28,000 sq. mile of ocean.
Population: Around 40,000 residing on 4 of the islands; San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, Isabela and Floreana.
Language: Spanish, even though English is spoken by most of the travel industry staff.
Time Zone: The Galapagos is on Central Standard Time, UTC -6.
Currency: U.S. dollars are the standard currency in Ecuador.
Largest Island: Isabela, 1,792 sq. miles, is the largest Island of Galapagos.
Government: Democratic.


COME AND SEE THE MOST EXOTIC AND NATURAL PLACE IN THE WORLD – THE GALAPAGOS, where animals are not afraid of people and birds do not fly away when you approach them !




Avg Temp
Max / Min

Avg Hrs of
Clear Skies

Avg Sea
January 30 / 22 ºC
86 / 72 ºF
5.3 24.5 ºC
76 ºF
2.5 cm
1.0 in
February 30 / 24 ºC
86 / 75 ºF
7.5 25 ºC
77 ºF
2.5 cm
1.0 in
March 31 / 24 ºC
88 / 75 ºF
6.0 25 ºC
77 ºF
5.1 cm
2.0 in
April 31 / 24 ºC
88 / 75 ºF
7.5 25 ºC
77 ºF
3.8 cm
1.5 in
May 28 / 22 ºC
82/ 72 ºF
5.2 24.5 ºC
76 ºF
1.9 cm
0.75 in
June 26 / 21 ºC
79 / 70 ºF
4.4 23 ºC
73 ºF
0.60 cm
0.25 in
July 26 / 20 ºC
79 / 68 ºF
2.8 22 ºC
72 ºF
1.3 cm
0.50 in
August 26 / 19 ºC
79 / 66 ºF
3.3 21.5 ºC
71 ºF
0.60 cm
0.25 in
September 26 / 19 ºC
79 / 66 ºF
2.9 22 ºC
72 ºF
1.3 cm
0.50 in
October 26 / 20 ºC
79 / 68 ºF
3.8 22.5 ºC
73 ºF

0.60 cm
0.25 in

November 26 / 21 ºC
79 / 70 ºF
3.5 23 ºC
73 ºF
1.3 cm
0.50 in
December 27 / 22 ºC
81 / 72 ºF
4.0 22.5 ºC
73 ºF
1.3 cm
0.50 in



Weather: Although located on the equator, the Galapagos climate is tempered by the Humboldt Current; as a result you do not experience extreme heat. The warmest weather is December to May (72 to 90 degrees), while the water temperature is in the mid 70’s.June to November is cooler (60 to 75 degrees), the average water temperature rarely reaches the 70’s.

What to Pack: Life onboard the yachts is very informal. Casual, comfortable clothing is a must. Bring shorts, bathing suits, preferably cotton shirts, 2 pair of good rubber-soled walking shoes, windbreaker jacket, wide brimmed hat and a back-pack to carry camera, film, sun glasses and sunscreen.




BALTRA (South Seymour):

  • Port of entry to the Province of Galapagos.
  • Lava flows
  •  Penguins

BARTOLOME (Bartholomew):

  • Sullivan Bay, home of the famous landmark, Pinnacle Rock. Visitors can enjoy the impressive panoramic view.
  •  Galapagos penguins
  • Swim or snorkel.


  • Snorkel
  • Blue-footed boobies, albatross


  • Southernmost  Island
  • Only nesting site of the waved albatross
  •  At Punta Suarez, mockingbirds, blue- footed and masked boobies. Darwin finches, Galapagos doves and hawks, red and green marine iguanas, sea lions and the famed Blow Hole.

FERNANDINA (Narborough):

  • Punta Espinoza, lava flows.
  • Marine iguanas, sea lions, blue- footed boobies, Galapagos hawks, flightless cormorants, penguins and marine turtles.

FLOREANA (Charles or Santa María):

  • Punta Cormorant; more tan 50 volcanic cones in a 80 mile area
  • Pink flamingos
  • Snorkeling
  • Post Office Bay: where 18th century whalers used a barrel as an unofficial mail drop, still in use now days.


  • Bird-watchers paradise
  • Sea cliffs
  • Marine iguana, frigate birds, swallow-tailed gulls, tropic birds and red -footed boobies.

ISABELA (Albemarle):

  • Tagus cove, volcanic activity
  • Saltwater lake, lava flows and transition zone vegetation.
  • Giant tortoises, marine iguana, flightless cormorants, sea lions and Galapagos hawks


  • Sea lions, swallow –tailed doves, frigate birds and colonies of blue-footed boobies.

 RABIDA (Jervis):

  • Saltwater lake
  • Red Sand beaches
  • Snorkeling
  • Sea lions, flamingos, penguins and brown pelican nests

SANTA CRUZ (Indefatigable):

  • Host the largest population in the archipelago at the town of Puerto Ayora
  • Charles Darwin Station: center of research and conservation of the species.
  • Pit  craters and lava tunnels
  • Giant tortoises


  • Port of entry
  • The capital of the Province of Galapagos, Puerto Baquerizo  Moreno, lies at the southern tip of the island
  • Frigate birds, sea lions, blue and red -footed boobies, tropic birds and dolphins.


  • Vertical rock rising almost 500 feet out of the ocean
  • Lava Flows
  • Blue- footed boobies, masked boobies and frigate birds.


  • Beautiful landscape, variety of plants and marine life
  • Swimming
  • Sea lions, red- footed boobies, and masked boobies

SANTA FE (Barrington):

  • Cactus forest
  • Endemic Land Iguanas, sea lions and Galapagos hawks

SANTIAGO (Saint James):

  • Galapagos hawks, fur seals, feral goats, sea lions, flamingos, marine iguanas, Galapagos Doves, finches and snakes.


  • White sand beach
  • Giant cactus
  • Marine iguanas, grey and white herons


Galapagos Packing Checklist

  • Waterproof backpack
  • Sneakers with rubber soles
  • Sport sandals
  • Walking Shorts (2 or 3)
  • Trousers (2 or 3)
  • Long-sleeved cotton or cotton-blend shirts: 3.
  • Short-sleeved cotton shirts (4 or 5)
  • Swimsuit
  • Wet suit (for snorkeling in cold months: Jul – Nov)
  • Aqua socks
  • Underwear (7 or 8 changes)
  • Wide-brim sun hat or visor for sun protection
  • Sunscreen SPF 15 or stronger
  • Sunglasses,100% UV Block
  • Windbreaker or light rain jacket
  • Binoculars (Water proof)
  • Camera, lenses, plenty of film and extra battery
  • Toilette kit (biodegradable shampoo please) s
  • Any medicine you may be taking
  • Seasickness patches or pills
  • Book
  • Photocopies of passport, air ticket, credit cards (with tourist card)

There is no place like Galapagos